Many people keep the Goldfish in the aquarium and outdoor ponds. In the case of aquariums, you do not need to worry too much about their survival. But you have to be careful when transferring them into the pond.
How to Keep Goldfish Alive in an Outdoor Pond? You can keep goldfish alive in the outdoor pond by maintaining proper cleanliness and stabilizing the temperature and pH values of the water. In addition, feed them nutritious food and provide adequate oxygen to keep them healthy. Furthermore, grow plenty of plants to keep goldfish safe from predators and install a filtration system to remove the waste and toxic substances.
Can goldfish survive in outdoor ponds?
They can survive in it, but we have to make arrangements before keeping them in them.
A still freshwater reservoir in an open area or outside of your house is called an outdoor pond.
You can build them in the backyard or front of your house using simple methods.
However, these are exposed to the external environment and can affect the well-being of the fish living in them.
For example, goldfish are delicate creatures; we have to take great care of them while they are in the open environment.
Methods to Keep Goldfish Alive in an Outdoor Pond
You should keep the stable temperature and pH values of water for better results.
Ensure proper cleaning to keep the goldish alive in the outdoor pool. Different things are responsible for making the water dirty, affecting fish health.
For example, decaying plants, leaves, and leftover food can make the lake filthy. The decaying matter releases ammonia and nitrogen, and these substances are hazardous for the fish.
The decomposed food and leaves can enhance the growth of algae that makes the pond filthy.
Before keeping fish in it, clean all the pond thoroughly. You can use a leave skimmer to draw out all the dead leaves and uneaten food.
Clean the algae from the bottom and sides of the reservoir to make it clean. Clean the air pumps and filters regularly to keep the water clean.
To increase the lifespan of fish, clean the pond once or twice a year before winters or after fall to remove all the ice.
An adequate amount of food is essential to keep the goldfish alive in lakes. You have to feed them on time to protect them from any disease.
Choose food that will provide them with all the necessary nutrients and vitamins.
Naturally, goldfish are omnivores and can eat both plants and meat. You can feed them ready-made food to provide a balanced diet.
It is easily digestible and does not promote the production of decomposed matter.
In the spring season, the metabolism is fast, and you can feed them twice a day. However, their metabolism is low in freezing temperatures, so do not feed them daily.
Maintain temperature and pH
Optimal values of temperature and pH are essential for the survival and growth of goldfish. The pool should have temperature values in the range of 25 to 30 degrees.
Maintain the water pH between 7 to 8 for better results. At optimal temperature, goldfish can consume adequate oxygen from the water. It helps enhance the metabolism of these fish and lets them flourish in the pond.
In freezing temperature keeps the water deep because the temperature in the bottom is approximately equal to 30 degrees.
You can use a deicer to melt the ice from the water’s surface. It is a disk shape instrument that is used to melt the ice.
Place dicer on the ice; it will melt the ice on the surface. In addition, it will make a hole in the ice to maintain proper aeration.
In extreme heat, protect them by making a shade of plant on the water surface. Planting different plants in the pond will also keep the temperature stable.
Oxygen is an essential component for the survival of any living creature.
Goldfish also need optimal levels of oxygen to perform all body functions. Proper aeration of the pool can provide adequate oxygen and help reduce algae production.
Increase the surface area to exchange the air between water and the external atmosphere. You can install air pumps to increase the amount of oxygen in the water.
Planting plants can also increase oxygen levels and reduce carbon dioxide levels in the water. Reduction in carbon level will also minimize the quantity of nitrogen and ammonia.
Growing different plants can help the goldfish in many ways. On average, 75% of the pond bottom should be covered with plants. many people add aquarium plants to the pond.
The plants will help in the reduction of waste by consuming decaying matter. They also help maintain the pond’s temperature by absorbing excessive sunlight.
Algae production also becomes minimal in the presence of plants. They can minimize algae bloom by depriving them of all the necessary nutrients.
The plants also serve as a food source for adult goldfish. Duckweed, water sprite, and fanwort are common plants present in the fish pond. You can choose any type of plant depending upon the goldfish species.
Protect from predators
Goldfish can become prey to various predators in outdoor waters like cats, dogs, frogs, and birds.
These animals can easily approach the fish in a pond with low depth. Therefore, it is essential to protect them from these predators to keep them alive.
You can do this by planting different plants on the margins of the pond.
First of all, keep other pets in a separate area or in a cage to inhibit them from harming anyone.
Grow some floating plants to hide the aquatic pets beneath the leaves and flowers.
Plant netting is another excellent option to distract the predators, and it also enhances the beauty of your backyard reservoir.
A Filteration system is essential for the survival of any aquatic creature in open water. It removes the pond’s tiny foreign particles, dirt, waste, and toxins.
A current of water should flow continuously through these filters to keep them oxygenated.
In addition, the biological filters contain many beneficial bacteria that decompose toxins into harmless substances.
A decaying matter like food and fish waste produces ammonia in large amounts that cause many health hazards to the fish.
The filtration system converts ammonia into nitrate and nitrogen that other plants can use for different purposes.
In this way, they keep the water clean and ensure the survival of the fish in it. You can choose any filtration system depending upon the stock of fish and the nature of toxins.
How long can Goldfish live in an outdoor pond?
On average, goldfish have a lifespan of 8 to 14 years in a small outdoor pond and can survive in it even at freezing temperatures.
Some goldfish species can live up to 25 years in it, and their lifespan depends upon the water condition, food, and filtration system.
You can increase their lifespan by maintaining the healthy environment of the pond.
Many fish can not live up to their expected lifespan due to the unsanitary conditions of the backyard pond.